Peersyst + Agencia Nacional de Tierras de Colombia

Colombia Land Registry

National Land Agency launched a national land registry on the blockchain, a decentralized digital ledger of transactions that supports transparency and security. Developed with software developer Peersyst and blockchain company Ripple Labs, the registry recorded its first property in July […] it remains a unique example of blockchain’s potential value in the public realm.

TIME Magazine


Real estate and land ownership are crucial elements in any economy and represent significant assets for citizens. Globally, land registry processes are often outdated, slow, paper-based, and lack transparency – a problem exacerbated in Colombia due to the additional layer of complexity introduced by internal armed conflict. The displacement of people from their lands further complicates the registry process, as the government often negotiates land swaps with affected families. This multifaceted challenge requires an innovative solution that combines efficiency, cost reduction, improved accessibility, and secure record keeping.

Blockchain technology, with its traceability and tamper-proof nature, provides a promising avenue to address these issues. It offers the potential for a radical transformation, not only to the Colombian Land Registry, but to registry systems worldwide, instilling greater confidence in the process of land transactions, and ensuring security and transparency in the face of disruption.

Challenge: Outdated processes and poor transparency

Land ownership, a critical aspect of economic stability and personal livelihood, faces several pressing challenges. Among these are outdated processes, lack of transparency, limited accessibility, and high costs.

  • Outdated Processes: Traditional land registries largely rely on antiquated, paper-based procedures. Such systems are slow, susceptible to human error, and prone to data loss or damage.
  • Transparency vs. Privacy: Land registries face a delicate balancing act – maintaining transparency for stakeholders involved in real estate transactions, while preserving the privacy of landowners.
  • Cost and Accessibility: Gaining access to land registry information is often complex and expensive. Individuals must visit government offices and endure long waits to obtain necessary certificates, a significant barrier to accessibility.
  • Unique Colombian Challenge: The ongoing internal conflict in Colombia has resulted in frequent land swaps, particularly in rural areas. This regular, enforced movement necessitates an efficient, secure, and transparent system for tracking changes in land ownership. Here, blockchain technology—with its promise of immutability, transparency, and efficiency—offers a powerful potential solution to these pressing challenges.

XRP Stamp: Blockchain based registry

Employing blockchain technology to revolutionize land registry management, the solution using XRP Stamp, our Blockchain Data Notarization software, has been recognized as one of Time Magazine’s Best Inventions of 2022. Built on the XRP Ledger, XRP Stamp addresses the challenges of land registry with innovative adaptability

land ownership details are meticulously linked to blockchain records. Transactions between two ANT (Agencia Nacional de Tierras) accounts are utilized, with the transaction’s memo field storing crucial data like landowner identity, land ownership resolution, and the IPFS CID of corresponding documents. Each certificate, enhanced with hashes and QR codes, offers swift and secure access to associated documents, significantly boosting the system’s trustworthiness and integrity.

QR-enabled Ownership Certificate

These certificates revolutionize how land ownership is verified, offering instant, hassle-free validation. Simply scanning a QR code on a certificate provides immediate access to verifiable ownership details, streamlining what was once a cumbersome process.

Land registry Agency Certification Panel

This efficient tool empowers the Agencia Nacional de Tierras to seamlessly generate and review land certificates. It ensures accuracy and prevents duplication through advanced hashing, significantly enhancing administrative processes and reliability in land registry management.

Blockchain land ownership certification

Land Registry Explorer

This public interface provides secure, straightforward access to land resolution records. Requiring specific identifiers for search, it balances transparency in land registry information with user privacy and security, making critical data readily accessible to the public.


Prevent counterfeit

By leveraging the inherent immutability of blockchain technology, the system guarantees the authenticity of land ownership resolutions. Any attempt to introduce fraudulent resolutions can be immediately detected and invalidated, enhancing trust in the system.


With public access to the land registry, anyone can verify the time and means through which land ownership was granted. This unprecedented level of transparency aids in dispute resolution and builds confidence among stakeholders.

Information integrity

The system guarantees the authenticity of related documents. The blockchain’s distributed nature ensures information cannot be lost or damaged, while the document hashing process eliminates the risk of duplication. The result is a highly reliable source of truth for land ownership information.

Always accessible

The technology ensures high availability, with 24/7 access to land registry data. Additionally, the use of QR codes simplifies interaction with the system, making it accessible to citizens who may not be tech-savvy. The system is designed to be as user-friendly as possible, breaking down barriers to accessing crucial land ownership information.

Conclusion: a new era for land and real estate registry

While the Colombian Land Registry solution, recognized as one of Time Magazine’s Best Inventions, marks a significant milestone, it’s more than just a technological feat. It represents a pivotal shift in administrative processes, crucial for governments and life-changing for citizens. By securing land ownership on the blockchain, we empower individuals with certainty and protection over their most valuable assets – their land.

This innovation is not just about enhancing system efficiency; it’s about ensuring livelihoods and building trust in public systems. As we continue to refine and evolve this platform, we remain committed to unlocking the full potential of blockchain technology in serving communities and shaping a more secure, transparent future.

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